CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION
Background to the Study
Education of the British-colonial masters came into Nigeria when Thomas Birch Freemen, the half caste English missionary landed in Badagry on September 24, 1842,And within a few weeks of his arrival in Badagry he opened a primary school. The church missionary society came four year later and opened their schools.
The two objectives of the early missionaries are to impact knowledge and saving the soul lo fit for practical usefulness in life. According to (Onabemiron 2000), popular primary education naturally gave rise to popular secondary school education. (The first grammar school in Nigeria was the C.M.S Grammar school in Lagos, 1859 the Methodist Boys High School 1878, St Gregory’s College in 1891 and Baptist Academy in 1895. As the government could not stem the tide, and even despaired of the prospects of regulating their standard it established its own secondary school called the Kings’ College in Lagos in 1909, which it hoped and serve as a model in equipment and quality of teaching. Their products would acquire the all important West African school certificate that will give its holders admission to higher institutions of learning.
English language in Nigeria as of today performs a dual role with our educational system, one as a subject of study and the other as a medium of expression for the study in the other school subjects. This no doubt explains for the study in the other school subjects. This no doubt explains the important and enviable position of the language in the educational life of any student in Nigeria. It goes without gainsaying that a student should be well armed with a sound knowledge of the language to be able to cope effectively with the demands of understanding the other subjects he or she offers.
In September 1969, a national conference on curriculum development sponsored by the Nigeria educational research council was held in Lagos. The most fundamental proposal made at the conference related to the structure of secondary education which states that a six year primary school course followed by a six years of secondary school, divided into a three year junior secondary school and a three years senior secondary school course, and lastly a four year university education is recommended for £he attainment of the nations education objective i.e. 6-3-3-4 plan.
The junior secondary school education may be terminal to students who cannot or do not wish to go on to the senior secondary school level and who may wish to graduate from the Junior Secondary School into the world of work.
However, at the end of Junior Secondary School course successful and willing students may proceed to the senior secondary education. In the senior secondary schools, and students compulsorily offer the following “core” subjects, English language, mathematics one major Nigeria language one of physics, chemistry or biology one of literature in English, history or geography and either agricultural science or one vocational subjects. The family background of a child affects his educational achievement at school. According to Akere (2003). the various stages of development of English language in West African has acquired certain peculiarities a products of the different environments within which the children learn. Environment all influences, high socio – economic status background, would perform better at school than a child at a lower economic status background.
Because of the disparities of home background, there are also disparities in the types of schools these children attend, but some of these children are gifted intellectually.
The main concern of the researcher is to find out whether there is a significant difference in performance of students in English language between students of private secondary schools and public secondary schools.
Statement of the problem
The problem investigated in this research was the academic performance of students in English language in private secondary school and public secondary in Ikere Local Government.
Purpose of the study
The purpose of this study was to compare the performance of private secondary schools and public secondary schools In English language and to find out the group that performed better. The study also intended/to find out if there was any difference in performance of the two groups on sex and school type. It was also the intention of the researched to look into trend of subject selection in the senior secondary classes.
Significance of Study
This study will attempt to illuminate the state of English in our secondary schools; it is also within the framework of this study to look into the issue of streaming in our schools, if students are to benefit from learning experience, if relative equal capabilities and potentiality should be grouped together.
The result of this study I hope will be of immense benefit to teachers, syllabus designers, education administrations and policy makers.
It is expected that the researcher’s finding will be appropriate to improve teaching techniques in English language. It will also serve as a boost to the development of English language in Nigerian schools. Delimitations of the study
The stud) will be based on review of literature, questionnaire, project, personal experience^ journals, articles and result of West Africa Examination Cancel in English language
The stud}1 will be restricted to five public secondary schools and five private secondary schools in Ikere Local Government in Ekiti Stale. Nigeria.
According to Kinsella (2008), students put up carefree attitude to this subject because some people discourage them that English Language is meant for girls and the arts student. Moreover, there is lack of specialized teachers of English Language in secondary schools: the few specialists are over worked and they soon become effective in their leaching.
According to Bamigbose (2004), it is realized that there is severe shortage of teachers and the period allocated for teaching English is too small. There is a shortage of well trained teachers to teach the subject. Trained teachers do not always want to take up teaching employment. They see employment in business organization to be better than teaching and this creates the problems in the performance of the student.
This survey, therefore taking cognizance of all these, sought lo find out the comparative study of students academic performance in English Language now militating against the teaching and learning English Language in Private and Public Secondary Schools in Ikere. For the purpose of this study the following questions were generated:
- Are students emotionally stable to learn English Language
- Do secondary school teachers in Ikere possess the required professional qualification?
- Is there no significance difference in availability of teaching facilities in private and public secondary schools
The hypothesis on which the work is based are:
(a) There is no significant difference between the performance of public secondary schools and private school students in English language.
(b) There is no significant difference in performance in public and private school students based on sex.
(c) That there is no significant difference in performance in public and private schools based on school type.
This Project is is available for the below list of Nigerian State capitals.
Abia Umuahia, Adamawa Yola, Akwa Ibom Uyo, Anambra Awka, Bauchi Bauchi, Bayelsa Yenagoa, Benue Makurdi, Borno Maiduguri, Cross River Calabar, Delta Asaba, Ebonyi Abakaliki, Edo Benin. Ekiti Ado Ekiti, Enugu Enugu, Gombe Gombe, Imo Owerri, Jigawa Dutse, Kaduna Kaduna, Kano Kano, Katsina Katsina, Kebbi Birnin Kebbi, Kogi Lokoja, Kwara Ilorin, Lagos Ikeja, Nasarawa Lafia, Niger Minna, Ogun Abeokuta, Ondo Akure, Osun Oshogbo, Oyo Ibadan, Plateau Jos, Rivers Port Harcourt, Sokoto Sokoto, Taraba Jalingo, Yobe Damaturu, Zamfara Gusau, FCT Abuja.
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