ASSESSMENT OF TEACHERS TEACHING METHOD ON PUPILS PERFORMANCE
This study is aimed at assessing teacher teaching method on pupils academic performance in selected primary schools in Alimosho Local government area of Lagos State. The specific objective are to Find out the factors needed to be considered before the selection of any teaching methods Analyze different methods of teaching in terms of their advantages and disadvantages In views of these, four research questions were formulated. This study was a description research survey type. Fifty teachers were selected for the study using simple random sampling. A well-structured questionnaire was used for data collection and the data were analyzed using simple percentage and mean. The study revealed that most of the teacher agreed that time allocated. Time allocated for the subject on the timetable should be a guide in the selection of teaching methods.
Also it could be revealed that most of the respondents are of the opinion that before selecting any teaching method, the strategies must be right from the resources available. By resources we mean the instructional aids or materials. However, the studies recommended that Teachers should ensure they study the behavior of their pupils before adopting any method of teaching, School administration should provide all the necessary teaching aid in schools for effective teaching and learning, Teachers should make sure they use demonstration and discussion method of teaching and School proprietors, principals and the relevant stakeholders should seek for ways of motivating their teachers so as to encourage them to adopted the most appropriate method of teaching
Background to the Study
Research on teaching methods has for long been of interest to educationists. However, some studies have been carried out on certain aspects of the programme but have not investigated the academic performance of pupils in Primary level of education in the use of some specific teaching methods.
Research evidence shows that the challenges confronting the primary school teachers are basically on the methods of imparting the knowledge. It was argued by Adufe (2008) that teaching is based on methods which at the long run bring about effective teaching.
Teaching, according to Oladipo and Ayeni (2000) involves bringing about or at least facilitating desirable changes in learners. However, effective teaching requires the teacher to step out of the realm of personal experience and step into the world of the learners. (Brown, 1997). It is the learner who must be engage for learning to occur, the learner is the one who must take the commitment to learn. Instruction is the transmission to the learner and the acquisition by him on specific skills, information, knowledge or other established data.
The mode of instruction or teaching applied in achieving these objectives is referred to as method. Methodology therefore, refers to the processes and techniques a teacher of either nursery or primary education uses to transmit facts, skills, information and knowledge to the learners so as to facilitate the accomplishment of the set objectives.
Research evidence shows that the major problem in the primary schools is the method of imparting knowledge. To this Adepoju (2006) citing Kernest and Levin (1973) revealed the difficulties children of some ages (usually nursery and primary level) encountered when they are instructed using verbal approach. This is also confirmed as the study carried out in Nigeria by Busari (1991) revealed that the method presentlyemployed in teaching, in most of our public primary schools is inadequate or not effective.
It is of a necessity that a skillful teacher needs to be conversant with various teaching strategies which may be applied to subjects at different class situations. Adufe (2008) affirms that many methods of teaching exist in education and these methods are meant to make teacher succeed in their bid to disseminate knowledge.
However, the success in the use of any method differs as a result of an intelligent analysis of the objectives, the pupils in class, the curriculum
content or the type of subject matter. Also, the impact of any teaching method is not only limited to the conditions surrounding the teaching but also the advantages and the disadvantages of a particular method in a particular situation should not be left out.
It is however, sustained that various methods of teaching exist but there is a distinctive difference between them. There are methods used in higher education which virtually cannot be use in the lower level of education which primary education exist.
There exists a number of teaching methods for teachers to use. They include: lecture, discussion, demonstration, laboratory, individualized instructional, field-trip, peer-teaching methods and so on.
The primary purpose of teaching at any level of education is to bring a fundamental change in the learner (Tebabal & Kahssay, 2011). To facilitate the process of knowledge transmission, teachers should apply appropriate teaching methods that best suit specific objectives and level exit outcomes. In the traditional epoch, many teaching practitioners widely applied teacher-centered methods to impart knowledge to learners comparative to student-centered methods. Until today, questions about the effectiveness of teaching methods on student learning have consistently raised considerable interest in the thematic field of educational research (Hightower 2011).
Statement of the Problem
The incidence of ineffective teaching Lagos State has resulted in poor achievement in examination. This necessitated the need for a more effective and result-oriented. What a teacher does in the classroom depends to some degree upon his approach to learning situations. However, students’ negative attitudes toward learning may be related to the method of instruction.
Though teachers with high morale, motivation and a mastery of knowledge, learner difficulties and capacity to facilitate learning are important, correct use of an appropriate teaching method is critical to successful teaching and learning. Knowledge of how teaching methods affect students’ learning may help educators to select methods that improve teaching quality, effectiveness, and accountability to learners and the public
Many methods of teaching exist in education. All the strategies are meant to make teachers succeed in their bid to disseminate knowledge. However, little are considered on some factors that are necessary before selecting the appropriate method. Also the methods used in teaching the young ones are not effective for their teaching and learning and this negate their academic performance
Objectives Of The Study
This study is aimed at assessing teacher teaching method on pupils academic performance in selected primary schools in Alimosho Local government area of Lagos State.
The specific objective are
- Find out the factors needed to be considered before the selection of any teaching methods
- Analyze different methods of teaching in terms of their advantages and disadvantages
- To determine teacher attitude have effect on students performance
- To determine the effect of teaching method on pupils academic performance
- What are the factors needed to be considered before the selection of a particular teaching method?
- to what extent does method of teaching determine pupils performance in Alimosho Local government area
- Does teachers attitude have effect on their academic performance?
- What are the effects of teaching method on pupils academic performance?
Significance Of The Study
The finding of this study will be of benefit to the teachers, pupils and curriculum planners. The study critically discusses extensively on how teacher teaching method enhance pupils academic performance.
The teachers will benefit since the study will help them to understand the appropriate methods of teaching to be employed in carrying out their duties. The curriculum planners will get used information that will enable them improve in their planning of curriculum.
The result of this study will provide basis for effective teaching methods by Nursery and Primary school teachers to modify or reinforce pupils’ academic performance
Scope Of The Study
The study is aimed at assessing teachers teaching method on pupils academic performance in selected primary schools in Alimosho Local government area of Lagos State. The study will selected five primary schools in Alimosho Local government area. The schools will cut across private and public primary schools.
Operational Definition Of Terms
Activity: This is student-centered teaching-learning approach, where the student has some control over the process and directs more or less the instructional activities with the teacher providing adequate guidance.
Teaching method: It is a teaching device or strategy adopted by a teacher to teach a lesson, this includes the use of games, text books etc. that stimulates learning.
Academic performance: Learning outcome or output in students taught government which results from teaching techniques/methods the teacher adopts.
Effect: Outcome of result of using appropriate teaching method on students as measured by government performance test.
This Project is is available for the below list of Nigerian State capitals.
Abia Umuahia, Adamawa Yola, Akwa Ibom Uyo, Anambra Awka, Bauchi Bauchi, Bayelsa Yenagoa, Benue Makurdi, Borno Maiduguri, Cross River Calabar, Delta Asaba, Ebonyi Abakaliki, Edo Benin. Ekiti Ado Ekiti, Enugu Enugu, Gombe Gombe, Imo Owerri, Jigawa Dutse, Kaduna Kaduna, Kano Kano, Katsina Katsina, Kebbi Birnin Kebbi, Kogi Lokoja, Kwara Ilorin, Lagos Ikeja, Nasarawa Lafia, Niger Minna, Ogun Abeokuta, Ondo Akure, Osun Oshogbo, Oyo Ibadan, Plateau Jos, Rivers Port Harcourt, Sokoto Sokoto, Taraba Jalingo, Yobe Damaturu, Zamfara Gusau, FCT Abuja.
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