ATTITUDE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS TOWARDS THE TEACHING OF SEX EDUCATION

ATTITUDE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS TOWARDS THE TEACHING OF SEX EDUCATION

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title                                                                                      Pages

TITLE PAGE                                                                          I

APPROVAL PAGE                                                                II

CERTIFICATION                                                                            III

DEDICATION                                                                         IV

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS                                                       V-VI

TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                                  VII-IX

ABSTRACT                                                                            X

CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION

Background of the study                                                                   1-4

Statement of the study                                                            4-5

Purpose of the study                                                               5

Significance of the study                                                                   6

Delimitation of the study                                                                  6-7

Research questions                                                                           7

Hypotheses                                                                             8

Assumptions of the study                                                                 9

CHAPTER II: REVIEW OF LITERATURE

Concept of attitude                                                                           11

Concept of sex education                                                                  11-15

Aims and goals of sex education in Nigeria secondary schools 15-16

Importance of sex education for adolescent                                      16-17

Purpose of sex education for child                                          18

The needs and benefit for teaching sex education in secondary

Schools                                                                                    19-20

Challenges of sex education in Nigeria                                    20-21

Parental attitude towards impacting sex education on adolescent 21-22

The influence of peers, age, gender and grades on attitude

Towards sex education                                                            23-27

Summary of the reviewed literature                                        27

CHAPTER III: METHODOLOGY

Research design                                                                       28-29

Area of the study                                                                     29-30

Population of the study                                                                    30

Sample and sampling techniques                                            30-31

Instrumentation for data collection                                         31

Validation of the instrument                                                   31

Reliability of the instrument                                                    32

Administration of the instrument                                            32

Data analysis techniques                                                                   33

CHAPTER IV: PRESENTATION AND INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS                                                                                   

Presentation and Interpretation of results                               34-36

Hypotheses testing                                                                            36-43

CHAPTER V: DISCUSSION OF RESULTS, SUMMARY, CONSLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION                            

Discussion of results                                                               44-45

Summary                                                                                 46

Conclusion                                                                              47

Implications of the study                                                                  48

Recommendations                                                                             48-49

Limitations of the study                                                          49

Suggestions for further studies                                                         49-50

Reference                                                                                51-55

Appendix I                                                                             56-58

Appendix II                                                                            59-60

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abstract

This study investigated the attitude of secondary school students towards the teaching of sex education in Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti State. The sample seize used for this study consisted of randomly sampled of three hundred respondents drawn from all public secondary schools in Ikere Local Government area of Ekiti State. Descriptive statistics of frequency counts and simple percentage was used to analyze the demographic data while, inferential statistics of Chi-Square (x2) was used to test the hypotheses set for the study. Data were collected from the study through a questionnaire designed by the researcher, the responses were analyzed using Chi-Square of data. Result showed that there was significant differences in the attitude of male and female secondary school students towards the teaching of sex education, the study also revealed that, the respondent show interest in sex education to form part of school curriculum. It was recommended that, government should provide adequate standard textbook and materials for the teaching of sex education, sex education should be subjects on its own, and more information should be made available to educate secondary school students in Ikere local government area of Ekiti State on what sex education is. This should be done through the use of mass media, religion organization and seminars.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

Background of study

Sex education as education about human anatomy, sexual reproduction, sexual intercourse, reproductive health, emotional relationship, reproduction right and responsibilities, abstinence, contraception, family planning, body image, sexual orientation, sexual pleasure, values, decision making, communication dating, relationships. Sex education, which is sometimes called sexuality education or sex and relationships education, is the process of acquiring information and forming attitudes and beliefs about sex, sexual identity relationships and intimacy.

Sex education is also about developing young peoples skills so that they make informed choices about their behavior and feel confident and competent about acting on these choices. It is widely accepted that young people or secondary school students have rights to sex education. This is because it is a means by which they were helped to protect themselves against abuse, exploitation, unwanted pregnancies, sexually transmitted disease. Providing an effective sex education helps to meet young people’s right to information about matter that affect them, their right to have their needs met and the relationships that they form (Momodu, 2007).

According to Akerele (2014) sex is something you do, sexuality is something you are. This way of understanding sex highlights the difference between the act of sex and the individual experience of sexuality, which is an intrinsic part of who we are, once that can’t be separated out of ourselves any more than our ethnicity or religious spiritual beliefs. Sexuality is a natural and precious aspect of life, an essential and fundamental part of our humanity. For people to attain the highest standard of health, they must first be empowered to exercise choice in their sexual and reproductive lives, they must feel confident and safe in expressing their own identity.

Secondary school student’s attitude towards the teaching of sex education differs from one group to another. Depending on many factors such as dominant perception held in different communities, social believes system, peer group, religious factors, family socialization and cultural set up within which learners grow up (Gallagher & Gallagher, 2007). Many problems confront teachers who are engaged in sex education of students. Among these problems is the prominent one of the adoption by the teachers of passive attitudes towards sex education of their learners (Ndlanglsa, 2006). Akingba (2009) claimed that merely one million adolescent aged 15-19 years become pregnant in the United State of American yearly and about 30,000 pregnancies occur out of wedlock and are unintended. Although, up to date statistics were not available about the situation in Nigeria Teenage girls roam about the streets of Nigeria’s urban centre’s offering themselves to various men for economic gain. These sex escapades often result in general diseases and at some other times, fatal abortion.

Trefor (2005) reported that sexual resolution in its current advanced state is characterized by demand for new forms of sexual freedom from repressive codes and styles of Victorianism, societal, religious and legal expressions.

Adegboyega (2003) pointed that school girls and boys in the cities had been known to commit horrible acts in their bid to get rid of pregnancies. He contended that their activities had always been influenced by what they had seen on television and cinema screens or read about on the pages of romance or pornographic materials.   Sex education is widely used approach to prevent sexually transmitted infections and reproductive health promotion. Comprehensive sex education is effective at assisting young people to make health decision about sex and to adopt healthy sexual behaviours. Hence, this prompted the researcher to examine attitude of secondary school students towards the teaching of sex education in Ikere Local government Area of Ekiti state.

Statement of the problem

The primary goal of sex education is promotion of sexual and reproductive health. There is a pressing need to raise the levels of information among male and female secondary school students who are embarking on sexually active life. Religious of some students have caused them not to listen to the word sex let alone listen to information or teaching sex education. In some secondary schools, sex education is just a topic in a subject called Biology in which it supposes to be a subject on its own. In Ekiti state adequate records of effective teaching of sex education in the secondary school is not available. Hence, this prompted the researcher to investigate the attitude of secondary school students towards the teaching of sex education in Ikere local government area of Ekiti State.

Purpose of the study

The main purpose of this study is to investigate the attitude of secondary school students towards the teaching of sex education in Ikere Ekiti local government area of Ekiti State. Specifically, the study is set to find out:

  1. the attitude of male and female secondary school students towards the teaching of sex education.
  2. if religion will influence the attitude of students towards the teaching of sex education.
  3. if secondary school students show interests in sex education curriculum.
  4. if age of the students will influence their attitude towards the teaching of sex education.
  5. if peers will influence the attitude of secondary school students towards the teaching of sex education.

 

 

Significance of the study

The outcome of this study will add to the secondary school student’s knowledge about sex education. The study will help the Nigeria educational system to succeed in helping the students in understanding the implications of their social and sexual well-being at the secondary school level.

The ministry of education and youth development will equally benefit from this study as it will help them in determine the contents of the school curriculum dissemination on sex education both at State and Federal level. It will also help the future researchers in their research works.

Delimitation of the study

This research project deals with the attitude of secondary school students towards the teaching of sex education in Ikere local government area of Ekiti state.

This study covered the secondary school students in JSS3, SSS1 and SSS3 only.

It covers only the public secondary schools in Ikere local government area of Ekiti State.

The surveys design of descriptive of research was used for this study. The instrument that was used for this study is a self developed close ended questionnaire.

Descriptive statistics of frequency counts, simple percentages and inferential statistics of chi-square tools was used to analysis the results at 0.05 level of significance.

Research questions

  1. What are the attitude of male and female secondary school students towards the teaching of sex education in Ikere local government area of Ekiti State?
  2. Does religion influence secondary school students towards the teaching of sex education in Ikere local government area of Ekiti State?
  3. Does a secondary schools student show interest in sex education curriculum in Ikere local government area of Ekiti State?
  4. Does age of students influence the teaching of sex education in secondary schools in Ikere local government area of Ekiti State?
  5. Does peer group influence the attitudes of secondary school students towards the teaching of sex education in Ikere local government area of Ekiti State?

Hypotheses

  1. There will be no significance differences in the attitudes of male and female secondary school students towards the teaching of sex education in Ikere local government area of Ekiti State
  2. Religion will not significantly influence secondary school students towards the teaching of sex education in Ikere local government area of Ekiti State
  3. Secondary school students will not significantly show interest in sex education in Ikere local government area of Ekiti State
  4. Age of students will not influence the teaching of sex education in secondary schools in Ikere local government area of Ekiti State
  5. Peer group will not significantly influence the attitudes of secondary schools students towards the teaching of sex education in Ikere local government area of Ekiti State.

Assumptions of the study

The researcher assumed that the government did not provide adequate standard of textbooks and materials for secondary school students. Sex education is taking as a topic but not subject in secondary schools.

Despite all the research studies that has been taken by different researchers yet, there is no standard information about sex education nationwide for the students in Ekiti State. Sex education is taken to be a subject for tertiary institution students. Finally, the researcher perceived the attitudes of secondary school students towards the teaching of sex education to be relatively low in Ikere local government area of Ekiti State.

This Project is is available for the below list of Nigerian State capitals.
Abia Umuahia, Adamawa Yola, Akwa Ibom Uyo, Anambra Awka, Bauchi Bauchi, Bayelsa Yenagoa, Benue Makurdi, Borno Maiduguri, Cross River Calabar, Delta Asaba, Ebonyi Abakaliki, Edo Benin. Ekiti Ado Ekiti, Enugu Enugu, Gombe Gombe, Imo Owerri, Jigawa Dutse, Kaduna Kaduna, Kano Kano, Katsina Katsina, Kebbi Birnin Kebbi, Kogi Lokoja, Kwara Ilorin, Lagos Ikeja, Nasarawa Lafia, Niger Minna, Ogun Abeokuta, Ondo Akure, Osun Oshogbo, Oyo Ibadan, Plateau Jos, Rivers Port Harcourt, Sokoto Sokoto, Taraba Jalingo, Yobe Damaturu, Zamfara Gusau, FCT Abuja.

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