EFFECT OF INDISCIPLINE ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOL

EFFECT OF INDISCIPLINE ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOL

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to carryout and investigates the causes and effects of indiscipline among secondary school students in Ado local Government Area of Ekiti state. With the unremitting occurrence of shambolic and some criminal behavior not only by the adult  but also the students of this country in rent times has began to give cause of concern particularly to parents, government and school administrators. Questionnaires were the instrument for the research. They were designed to sample four hundred and twenty (420) which was distributed to teachers and students in both government and private own secondary schools in Ado Local Government area of Ekiti State. The data collected by structured questionnaire were analyzed using principal non–parametric techniques with chi square (X2) test of independent sample were employed as statistical tools to test the four hypotheses. The findings of this study revealed that the characteristics features of indiscipline were fighting, disrespect for teachers, lateness for class, truancy, noise making, promiscuity, stealing, alcohol/drug abuse, dogging classes, insulting, Vandalism, improper wearing of school uniform, bullying and unnecessarily using cell phone in classroom has  an effect on their academic performance.

The results also revealed that noise, making fighting, lateness for class, truancy and dodging classes were the most experienced forms of indiscipline in schools. The causes of indiscipline were peer pressure, community influence, lack of positive role models, human rights awareness, drug abuse, the media, ineffective classroom management and home environmental factors.

The study recommended that parents should be greatly sensitized on the need to be involved in educational affairs of their children so as to reduce causes of indiscipline and the effects on the academic performance of the students.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Approval Page

Dedication

Acknowledgement

Abstract

Table of Contents

CHAPTER ONE: INTRIDUCTION

Background of the Study

Statement of the Problem

Purpose of the Study

Research Questions

Research Hypothesis

Significance of the study

Definitions of Terms

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Concepts of Indiscipline

Different types of Indiscipline

Causes of Indiscipline

Effect of Indiscipline

How can Indiscipline be curbed, Managed or Control

Academic performance under Discipline situation

Academic Performance of Indiscipline situation

Theoretical Framework

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD

Research Design

Population of the Study

Sample and Sampling Technique

Research Instrument

Validity of Instruments

Administration of the instruments

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULT AND DISCUSSION

Results

Analysis of Demographic Data

Analysis of Research Questions

Analysis of Students Responses

Hypotheses Testing

Discussion of Findings

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

Summary

Conclusion

Recommendation

Suggestion for further studies

REFERENCES

APPENDIX I

APPENDIX II

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

In the Holy Bible, Exodus chapter 30, (Deuteronomy 5 : 1 – 21) God gave Moses the ten commandments. Two of the commandments, states that do not use my name for evil purposes, observe the Sabbath day and keep it holy, you have six days in which to do your work. These commandments were design to control the behaviour of the Israelites toward God and among themselves. Failure to carry out or follow any of the ten laws is a sin.

The control of societal activities today follows the ten commandments, hence every organisation for a successful execution of programmes established rules and regulations, which direct and protect the operations of the organizational system. Any act or behaviour or performance contrary to approved rules and regulations is known as indiscipline.

Indiscipline among teachers are their acts of behaviour that affects effective teaching, learning and administration of the school. Common indiscipline behaviour by teachers include; absenteeism from school and lesson, lateness, non-preparation of lesson notes, failure to mark students exercise books, non-completion of school records such as diaries, registers, student results, involvement in examination malpractices, illegal collection from parent and students, unapproved study leave with pay, drinking, drug taking and sexual immorality. These are serious threat to all level of our  educational system, because teachers are the expected professionals, entrusted with the responsibility to conserve the future and destiny of the nation. (Okeke, 2004:10) “the teacher belongs to a special class (sub-group) saddled with” the responsibility of molding the child into a functional adult that will contribute to national development with the following qualities; knowledge of the subject matter being taught far ahead of that of the pupils; professional skill or know-how to awaken a child’s interest in what is being taught and to enkindle in his pupils a love of learning and a good moral character (Anyamebo, 2005:41-42).

Bailey (2000) look at indiscipline as any multiplicity of categories of behaviours whether overt or hidden, that interferes with or distrusts the learning process, causes harm and hurt to others and prevents learning. An unacceptable social behaviours, acts of defiance toward authority is also acts of indiscipline.

In her own opinion on the subject of indiscipline, Amado (2001) defines indiscipline as a mode of life in accordance with rules subjection to control. It is lack of control in the behaviour of a group of people or persons to live in accordance with rules. Indiscipline is a mode of life not conformity with rules and non- subjection to control (Yaroson 2004).

By extension, the term connotes the violation of school rules and regulations capable of obstructing the smooth and orderly functioning of the school system. In other words, indiscipline can be referred to as deviation from prescribed norms whether such norms are mere folkways, school rules and regulatory matter of etiquette or serious crimes.

Violence and indiscipline used to be very minor part of school life. This is no longer so. In today’s society, the incidence of indiscipline is rampant, more aggressive and rapidly spiraling out of control. In fact, for the past three decades, indiscipline in our educational system has been constantly discussed yet till date, nothing substantial seems to have been achieved (Hackett 2002). This cankerworm called indiscipline has eaten very deep into fabrics of our educational system. There have been reports of examination malpractices according to Ekpo, (1990), Folutile (2005) both opined that indiscipline consist of the following anti-social behaviours; truancy, drug abuse, delinquency (Ekpo 1996) fighting, stealing, hooliganism, cultism, gambling, disobedience, indecent dressing, insubordination and general gross misconduct. (H-Hassan 1993, Nwarukwes 2009). Further, he was confirming behavior of the students in line with the opinion of Nwans (1975), Uche (1980), Obi (2004) to include gossiping, lies, extortion of money by threat from pears, prostitution among students.

Most schools in the past were voluntary agency schools. As of then, there was high degree of discipline in school. There was harmony as principal, teachers and students demonstrated awareness of their responsibility in the school. More so, parents and teachers shared the same view of student’s desirable behaviour. The quality of school system as regard to discipline was very high up till the end of Nigeria civil war in January 1970.

For education to continue to play it is dynamic rule of positive change and enhanced living, the system must be made to re-trace into the “era” before the civil work in Nigeria. According to Zubia (2009), Dare et al(2004), all postulated that after the civil war, things began to change, all forms of indiscipline were manifested by the students. Indiscipline is negative form of discipline, without any respect for school laws, regulations and maintenance of an established standard of behaviour and implies self- control, restraint, respect for oneself and others. A behaviour that contradicts the above becomes indiscipline.

According to Tunor (2002), if students cultivate the habit of indiscipline in school, there will be a smooth running in the school system but reverse will be the case if students are not disciplined. Zubaidia (2009) identify the various forms of indiscipline among the secondary school students such as truancy, lateness to school, indecent dressing, cultism, drug abuse, insulting and assaulting, stealing, rioting and many antisocial vices. According to Eyinade (1999) and Zubaidia (2009), a number of these act of indiscipline were directed against constituted authorities and established rules. An example of this is refusal to wear the right uniform and going out of bounds without permission. The respect which teachers command among students had been seriously worn- off and some teachers have not done much to help the situation but their actions. This problem has been turned to a national issue.

Our leaders in the past have tried to remedy this situation but the problem proof not to be solved. The population in 19997 when the then Head of State, apart from deploying solders to secondary schools as discipline officers, summoned the National Conference of principals of secondary school and other higher institutions to deliberate on the problems of examination leakages, students unrest, drug abuse and other forms of indiscipline in secondary schools (Adesina 1980).

In 1984, the then military administration of General Muhamadu Buhari and Tunde Idiagbon launched the War Against Indiscipline (WAI), (Nwarukwe, 2009). Apart from the action taken by the then military administration, other concerned effort to curb indiscipline in the school led to the introduction of moral instructions and recently civic education in the secondary school curriculum.

In spite of all these effort by the government, religious organization, parents, individuals, etc. to unleash final blow on these deviant behaviours, the reverse is the case. The phenomenal increase in the violence and the intensity and complexity of these deviant behaviours like cultism, examination malpractice, sexual immorality, bullying, drug abuse, truancy etc. within the last thirty years certainly disturbs any observer of the society. Okonkwo (2000) connoted indiscipline and resistance to discipline amongst the youths to the government laxity and policy. The absence of full moral and religious educators, government take- over of schools, abolition of corporal punishment, shortage of teachers both in quality and quantity, low motivation of teachers and non- creation of employment for school leavers are failure on the part of the government.

Nevertheless, the researchers are of the opinion that ungodliness of the parent which in variably as the transferred to the society of which the students are members is a major contributing factor to the students’ resistances to discipline in the school. The question now is who is to blame for this “madness”? Have the government, parents, and school authority done what should be done? Can this situation be reverse? A search to the answers to these questions necessitated, this study to examine the imperative of indiscipline, its causes, types, and solutions as it affect secondary school students in relation to their academic performance.

Statement of the Problem

The problem of indiscipline in secondary school has persisted over the years. These acts have either been carried out individually by the students or a group which results to rioting or revolts. There is no doubt that student indiscipline generally militate against effective teaching, learning and production of useful acceptable members of the society. It is therefore observed that some parents appear to have denied their parental roles or responsibilities towards their children. If the teachers are frustrated and lack motivation within them, they are not likely to motivate other to learn or occupy their time in productive education.

The Government contributes to indiscipline by not providing adequate facilities and equipment in the school. Community and society influences contribute to indiscipline among secondary school students due to economic recession. Peer-group influences contribute to indiscipline among students in the form of uncomfortable environment where the students are not scared of their parents.

The need has therefore arisen for school administration, teachers, parents and the general public to eliminate indiscipline in school. Nigeria cannot remain complacent when large human and material resources are wasted. Indiscipline is rampant in an atmosphere of insecurity, frustration and instability. This will lead to ineffective learning.

Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this research study is to investigate the causes of indiscipline among public secondary school students in Ado Local Government Area of Ekiti State. It is also to;

  1. Examine sufficiently the effect of indiscipline in our secondary schools.
  2. Examine critically its effect on academics performance of students at the secondary school level.
  3. Examine the causes and types of indiscipline are the general sense of it.
  4. Carryout educational researches, findings and its roles on academic performance.
  5. Lastly, proffer remedy and relevant recommendation in curbing indiscipline and its effect on academic performance.

Research Questions

In this study, the researcher will provide answers to the following questions;

  1. What are the causes of indiscipline in our secondary schools?
  2. What are the problems caused by indiscipline among secondary school?
  3. How does indiscipline affect the academic performance of the students?
  4. How can we curb these problem posed by indiscipline in our secondary school?

Research Hypothesis

The three hypotheses formulated and tested are;

  1. There is no significant difference between students and teachers views on the identified causes of indiscipline in Nigeria secondary schools.
  2. There is no significant difference between students and teachers views on the identified possible solutions to indiscipline in Nigeria solutions to indiscipline in Nigeria secondary school
  3. There is no significant difference between students and teachers views on this effect of indiscipline on students’ academic performance

Delimitation of the Research      

For the purpose of this study, the research would not go beyond its subject matter which is indiscipline among secondary school students and effect on academic performance. This study will focus on the advantages of discipline to the school, the passive effect on academic performance and moral up-bringing of the students. If indiscipline in the schools cannot be adequately and effectively curbed to the barest minimum among secondary school students, it will jeopardize the standard of education in Ado Local Government Area of Ekiti State.

Significance of the Study

The importance and relevance of this study cannot be over stressed. It will enhance positive change to the school management, academic performance and behaviour of the students at large. Discipline is the most essential quality of life. It is a greatest law of nature. It is very necessary in all schools, colleges and homes. Discipline means a training that teaches self-control, obedience, cooperation and punctuality among the people in the society.

This study will expose the effectiveness and efficiency of discipline among students and the school system. It will reveal the effect of discipline on academic performance of the students in Ado Local Government Area of Ekiti State It will guide us to checkmate indiscipline among the students in Ado Local Government as a case study.

Definition of Terms

For the purpose of this study, it remains vital and essential to define some key concepts which are basic for the proper understanding of this research work.

  1. Discipline: This simply means a mode of life in conformity with rules and subjection to control. It is also the training often used as a system of punishment or aimed at producing obedience to rules, self-control, etc.
  2. Indiscipline: This is taken in the concept of life not in conformity with rules, norms and recognized value of the society. By extension, it connotes the violations of school rules and regulation. Capable of obstructing the orderly and functioning of the school system.
  3. Academic performance: Is a positive evaluation of student’s achievements, learning experience have been exposed to in the classroom, school environment and societal.
  4. Moral performance: Refers to the adherence to moral codes of the school, conformity of students to accepted rules and regulations.
  5. Moral standard: This measure the level and quality in human behaviour which is generally acceptable by the school system and society at large.

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