FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE DECLINING STANDARD OF PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION

FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE DECLINING STANDARD OF PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • Background to the study

Primary education is the foundation of formal education. It is an essential component in the echelon of educational system of every nation. In order to qualify for other levels of education one must first pass through primary schools, as such it is an institution upon which all other levels of education and educational achievements are built. It prepares the mind and trains the child for higher and tougher academic pursuits. It provides young learners with the fundamentals of reading, writing, skill acquisition, information and attitudes necessary for proper adjustment into the society. Unfortunately, though not all recipients of primary education get to other levels

There is no doubt that primary education is a panacea for solving problems such as ignorance, illiteracy, religious violence, insecurity and political servitude. An educated Nigerian is capable of making a more stable, peaceful, and prosperous country possible. Plausibly, the Nigerian government has for long known the importance of primary education to national development. The realization of this, among other facts, motivated different governments at different points in a little more than half a century to make primary education free and declare it universal and compulsory. However, the strength of primary education lies essentially on what is usually termed basic education with the sole objectives of equipping young people with the tools needed to investigate and inquire, to think, conclude and understand events around them.

 

There has been a growing interest in recent years over the performance of pupils in Nigerian schools and this has generated a lot `of concern about standard of education in the heart of many people.

Ukeje (1996) defined education as a process a product and discipline. He maintained that, as a process education is responsible for both the transmission and transformation of the cultural heritage of a people; as a product, it can result in constructive and destructive tendencies and as a discipline, it is concerned with what to teach, how to teach, and the purpose of teaching. Education is a continuous process of learning which begins at birth and continues till death.

A comparative study of the educational development of yester – years and that of contemporary time would portray that there is a great disparity as regard the performance of pupils at the primary school level in the past and present. The market is difference in the poor quality and pupil academic performance in the present day primary schools in general perfective is seen in education field as the declining in standard of education.

The declining in standard and quality has manifested self in the pupils poor academic performance in the Common entrance certificate examination in general and English and mathematics in particular. Primary Education is the faster of primary education, therefore primary education is taken to be the rudiment of education from all indication, it appears that the rudiment of education is shaky and most pupils who move from the primary schools to the secondary schools are ill-equipped and less competent. In our generation today, many pupils who fall their common entrance examination would conveniently have assess into secondary school education without necessarily having the requirements for admission. This made us believe that the weakness in primary education has negative effects on Primary Education.

1.2 Statement of the problem

The situation in teaching and learning process in Primary school Education nowadays has opened door for prolonged argument for people in teaching field. Educationalist and those outside the field to debate on declining standard of education. Education in Ekiti State, particularly in primary schools have been plagued by a number of Muriel problems such as, lack of qualified teachers, lack of adequate instructional materials, lack of experienced teachers, poor performance of pupils in common entrance and other external exams. All these issue have led to the decline of standard of education in primary schools in Ekiti State. It is in recognition to the numerous problems faced by the primary schools education in the state that this study embark upon in  Ikere Local Government  area of Ekiti State in order to find out factors responsible for the declining standard of Primary Education in  Ikere Local Government  area.

1.3 Research Questions

The following research question are design to guide the conduct of the study.

– What causes the decline in the standard of performance in school certificate examination in  Ikere Local Government ?

– Does teaching experience affect the standard of education in  Ikere Local Government

– Who are responsible for the decline in standard of education in  Ikere Local Government  area ?

– Does lack of instructional materials affect the declining standard of education in  Ikere Local Government  area?

– Does teacher’s qualification affect the declining standard of education in  Ikere Local Government  area?

1.4 Objectives of the study

The main thrust of this study is to look into the factors responsible for the declining standard of primary school education in  Ikere Local Government  area..

The specific objectives of the study however, include the following:

  1. To find out what causes the decline in standard of performance in school certificate examination in Ikere Local Government be determined.
  2. To examine how teaching experience affect the standard of education in Ikere Local Government area.
  3. To find out those responsible for the decline in standard of education in Ikere Local Government area.
  4. To find out whether lack of required teachers qualification affect the standard of education in Ikere Local Government area.
  5. To find out whether lack of instructional materials affect the standard of education in Ikere Local Government area.

 

1.5 Significance of the study

It is hoped that the result of this research will enable the general public to identify factors responsible for the decline in standard of Primary Education in  Ikere Local Government  area. It is also hope that, the study will assist educational planners, teachers, parents community and educational administrators to gain an insight into the problem at hand. It is also hoped the study will assist educational planners, teachers, and educational administrators to have an insight into the problem at hand.

1.6 Scope and delimitation

This study is supposed to cover the whole primary schools in  Ikere Local Government , but due to financial constraints and time factors the researchers have limited the work to two schools.

The study focus on factors responsible for the declining standard in primary school education with special reference to  Ikere Local Government . Attention will be given to poor performance of pupils in Common Entrance certificate examination.

1.7 Operational definition of the terms

Factor: A circumstance contributing to a result

Responsible: Having an obligation to do something and so able to be blamed or credited for it.

Decline: Become smaller, fewer or less decrease or diminish in strength or quality, deteriorate.

Standard: Any norm, convention or requirement.

Primary: Stage of education following Nursery education.

Education: Is a term used to refer to knowledge, skills and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training or research.

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