METHODS AND RESOURCES AVAILABLE FOR THE TEACHING OF ECONOMICS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL

  METHODS AND RESOURCES AVAILABLE FOR THE TEACHING OF ECONOMICS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL

 

ABSTRACT

This study sought to find the possible method and resources available for the teaching of Economics in senior secondary schools. The research method was descriptive and analytical by raising primary data the sample for this study consisted of six schools. The schools were selected randomly in Ekiti       West Local Government Area. Data were collected on availability of resources and materials from the respondents. The study relied on structured questionnaire to elicit information from respondent and data were analyzed using percentage scoring technique

Finding from the study revealed that unconductive physical environment has a significant effect on the teaching and learning of Economics. Therefore it was recommended that government should establish educational resources centre in each school to facilitate the teaching and learning of economics.

TABLE OF CONTENT

Pages

Title page …………………………………………………………………

Certification………………………………………………………………

Dedication…………………………………………………………………

Acknowledgement………………………………………………………..

Abstract……………………………………………………………………

Tables of content…………………………………………………………

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • Background of the Study……………………………………………
  • Statement of problem…………………………………………………
  • Purpose of the Study………………………………………………….
  • Research question……………………………………………………..
  • Delimitation of the Study……………………………………………..
  • Significant of the Study………………………………………………
  • Organization of the Study…………………………………………….
  • Definition of terms……………………………………………………..

CHAPTER TWO

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1 Introduction……………………………………………………………

2.2 Rationale for Economics as a discipline ……………………………..

2.3 Problem of teaching and learning Economics in secondary school….

2.4 Method of teaching Economics in Secondary school………………….

2.5 Criteria for selection and utilization of teaching methods and resources materials…………………………………………………………………….

CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH METHOD

3.1 Introduction……………………………………………………………..

3.2 Research design………………………………………………………….

3.3 Population of the study…………………………………………………

3.4 Sample and Sampling technique……………………………………….

3.5 Research Instrument…………………………………………………….

3.6 Validity and Reliability of Instrument…………………………………

3.7 Administration of the Instrument………………………………………

3.8 Data analysis………………………………………………………………

CHAPTER FOUR

4.1 Result and Discussion…………………………………………………….

CHAPTERFIVE

5.1 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation…………………………

QUESTIONNAIRE…………………………………………………………..

REFERENCE…………………………………………………………………

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the study

Economics has become a well established subject in Nigeria secondary schools. As the subject gain popularity and acceptance among parents, teacher and pupils the number of candidates that are entered annually for the subject in the senior secondary school examination and the number of schools that teach the subject have increased tremendously in the past years (Ipaye 2002).

It is therefore of importance if the method and resources that could be used for the teaching and learning of Economics are identified. Also consider the extent they are being into used in the secondary school in Nigeria with particular references to Aramoko Ekiti West Local Government Area of Ekiti State.

According to encyclopedia of education, teaching methods are pattern of teacher behavior that are current, applicable to various subject matter characteristics of more than one teacher are relevant to learning. If the pattern of behaviors is unique to one teacher and unavailable for whatsoever reason to other teacher, it is not regarded as a teaching method. In this respect, a teaching method is comparable to a “role” as define by social psychologist. That is, it involve a relatively uniformed set of behaviours expected to person occupying a giving position such as lecturer of discussion leader variation of behaviour with the teaching method of roles are the attributed to the personality of the teacher (Bac 2003 ).

Okonloye  (2008), defines method of teaching to be basic position one holds with regards to the teaching of selected content of any given subject or field of knowledge. Teaching method is therefore synonymous to the approach in short, Economics method are those which are use to further the goals of Economics instruction. They refer to various approaches whose major purpose is to help the learners attain competence in the Economics world (Engles, 1990).

Those method include student solving discussion method, student centered method inquiry teacher centre and content transmission method on teaching and learning. Teaching resources on the other hand, in the teaching of Economics has a broad meaning. (Engles 1990).

According oxford advanced learner, it defined resources as “the wealth, supplied of goods, raw materials which a person, a country has or can use” But resources in education content to teaching aids which will enhance learning or facilitates study. The teaching of Economics can be vitalize through contact which the world of work. Individual engage in various Economics activities responsibilities can be invited to the classroom or can be interview on the job. Extremely, valuable fields trips can be taken to see the economy in action and to demonstrate the relationship between academic economic and actual economy (Abudullah, 1992).

However, there have been a lot of discussion on the problem or factors affecting the teaching and learning of Economics which is widely taken in the final examination of secondary schools.

A house journal of west examination council (1996) identified among other problem improper use of method and resources particularly in school located in rural area such as visual aids resource person and so on. It has now become certain, that is most of Nigeria schools, old method are still employed with  little or nothing about other method that can be used in teaching Economics other than the recommended books, lecture methods, memorization and the like.

Also instructional materials are anything that helps in achievement of learning objectives by helping to transmit experience through any of the sense. These resources include community resources such as resources person i.e specialist in a subject of interest, audio-visual materials, video tape, picture films, television and tape record. However without adequate method a clear set of objective and a carefully arrangement of content are likely to fail to produce any satisfactory result on the part of the student. (Balogun 1997).

This is likely to be so because method means by which a learner are interested in activities which result in learning. Student involve in process of inquiry which motivate them to learn. (Balogun 1997).

These activities which contribute to the general education can be prompted by effective teaching procedure. This abundance aids, offers teacher considerable opportunities to make their work more effective, to relief them from some task and to provide variety and flexibility. Ipaye,I.B (1992)

According to west Africa examination council, Chief Examiner report (1993) said the incidence on increasing failure rate of student in Economics in recent time is basically on the frequent strike embark on by the teachers.  Also, students, when answering question do not list points and refuse to write comprehensive notes on those points listed.

David (1997) concluded that if I see, I remember and if I do, I know. The philosophy of is old Chinese proverb, familiars to all who believe in the importance of audio-visual aids, clearly see is the method use by educators in the developing countries in the jet age (electronics) materials designed for formal teaching of those written or printed on paper. But on electronic gadgets and gadgetries like tape recorded, cassettes record player, television and video machines with their cassettes and so on.

According to Iyawarun (1998), resources comprise a vital part of the teaching learning process in the school system. They also provide rich experience for the student through such devices as motion picture and lead them to discover significant issues value and concept. Some of the importance and specific advantages is the use of resource material. Teaching aid serve the purpose of using a real object to aid symbiotic one in the process of teaching and learning for both slave and fast learners, teaching aid provide verity which enhance motivation and interest in student teaching that has it base on resources materials tend to be more comprehensive, open and meaningfully.

Therefore, the importance and usefulness listed above of resources materials would have shown that resources person cannot do without in their teaching of Economics and so on, every schools needs to be adequately equipped with audio-visual and with materials need.

Nnadocie (1993) noted that for the achievement of a just and egalitarian society, equalization of individual access of educational opportunities and technological take off one of the major strategies is for the government to ensure that all student are properly equipped to promote sound and effective teaching and particular, that suitable textbooks, libraries, laboratories, workshops, qualified teacher and other facilities and provided for school.

Statement of problem

In 1932, Professor (now Lord) Robbins published the famous essay in which he describes economics as the subject that deals with the allocation of scarce means between alternative uses.

Teaching by definition is the activities which help learner to learn using every material that is suitable. There is the need to be interested in what teaching is since it appears teacher understanding of what teaching is effected there classroom performance.

There is need for empirical research on the effectiveness of different teaching methods. There are other activities. Green (1997) summarized: there point by referring to the teaching as those activities which involves shaking behaviour and belief or transmitting information or knowledge. Johnson (1998) the nature of the child, the goal to be attained and finally the method and the resources required to attained these goals.

The above definition shows that methods and resources are needed for teaching and learning to take place. These method and resources are those essential resources that are needed for effective teaching and learning of economics in secondary schools. These study is therefore designed to examine the economics as a subject in Ekiti West Local Government Area.

In this study, researchers have tried to find out the analysis of methods and resources available for the teaching of economics in senior secondary schools in Ekiti State. The rationale behind studying senior secondary school student Economic resources of a “chain reaction” which means Student-enhancement.

 

It is probable that the low level performance of students in Economics at the secondary school level is as a result of method and resources available for the teaching of economics in senior secondary school.The rapid development of student causes individuals to face situation whereby they have to make the right and smart decision. Various choices of resources allow tough competition amongst the producer This study intends to examine mainly the causes of indiscipline among student in some selected secondary schools in Ekiti State.

Purpose of the Study

This study intends to examine mainly the methods and resources available for teaching of economics in senior secondary schools in Ekiti State.

Specifically the study intends

  • To discover the extent to which the available resources are in use
  • To determine the method and resources available for teaching of economics.
  • To examine how we can manage the available resources among the secondary schools students in Ekiti State.

 

Research Questions

  1. Are there enough adequate resources for the teaching of Economics in senior secondary schools?
  2. Are there efficient method for the teaching of Economics in senior secondary schools?

3 How often are do student make use of the available resources?

Delimitation of the study

This study will be limited to Ekiti West Local Government Area. Seven out of the twelve secondary schools in the area will be sampled. The information required for this will be limited to senior secondary schools, since they are in better position to know the quality of method and available resources that are being used in the school. The Economics students in the senior class i.e ss1-ss3 of the selected schools will be sampled.

Significance of the Study

This modern era, the level of development of a developing country like Nigeria is determined by the available resources. This study attempts to analysis the method and resources available for the teaching of economics in senior secondary school. And it is considered essential because research findings on the analysis the method and resources available for the teaching of economics shall provide opportunity of identifying different method and resources used by different teachers in various schools as well as diagnosing the effectiveness of such methods.

The researcher is optimistic that if the study is successfully completed and the following are adopted, it will enable some economics teachers to identify the short comings of ineffective teaching and learning process to adapt various methods when teaching the students and to switch between methods when need be.

The study will also help to discover some of the problems encountered by both teachers handling the subject as well as students offering the subject and appropriate solutions to such difficulties.

Furthermore, the study will add more knowledge to both the researcher and readers on the various methods used in teaching economics. It is also hoped that this researchers study will contribute immensely to future research in the field of study.

Finally, if this research project is given favorably consideration and adopted, it will ultimately go a long way in helping teachers, school authorities, curriculum developers, government and students concerned In achieving the objectives of acquisition of strong viable, reliable, consistent and stable economic upliftment toward the overall development of the society and mankind.

Organization of the Study

This study will be divided into five chapters, chapter one will consists introduction of the topic, By statement of problem, purpose of the study, research question, the limitation of the study significant of the study and definition of some terms.

Also, chapter two will consist of review of literature, which leads to teaching of Economics in secondary schools, general methods of teaching, learning and resources in teaching and learning.

Finally, criteria for section and utilization of teaching methods and resources will also be looked into.

Chapter three  will embody research methodology, description of the study of information, description of instrument data analysis techniques, response and problem encountered, population sampling and sampling procedure.

Chapter four will focus on data analysis, and discussion of result while chapter five summarize, concludes and make recommendations on the research topic.

Definition of Terms

The following technical terms will be into use of this study to note the following:

  • Economics Method
  • Techniques of Teaching
  • Technique
  • Resource person
  • Economic Material
  • Community Resources
  • Teaching
  • learning

Economics Method: Are those method techniques used to further the goals of Economics instruction. That is it refers to the various approaches whose major purpose is to help the learner acquire competence in the Economic world.

Techniques of Teaching: This is a way of teaching handles the different aspect of his instructional methods. This is based on purpose to be accomplished resources available variety designed and time available variety designed and time available.

Technique: this is the act skill and performance of the teaching (or teacher), he may use lecture method but the way he ask question to trigger of class participation in his own techniques.  Also he may use discovery method but the way which make his pupils to apply what they have learn in his own techniques.

Resource Person: Is anyone who come into the classroom as a quest speaker to pass information across to student from experience on specific topic, a resources person is generally referred to as a teacher.

Economic Materials:  Are those material object and resource which are used to further the goals of Economics instruction.

Community resources:  The are those people place and materials within the community environment  which can be mail  use of the supply additional information of learning  experience to acquired in the classroom environment ,thereby ensuring effective teaching and learning process. These resources include a wide range of experience that can be formed  written the community e.g  market of place religion institution, historical setting, parks, industries cement  industry,  hair cutting saloon, communication centre, local craftsmen and super market.

Teaching: Is the activity which help learn, using every materials that are suitable and also consideration of nature of a child, the goal to be attained and finally the method and resource required to attain the goals.

Learning: Men to gain knowledge of skill in study, practice or taught learning occurs only when you study or you have taught or practice particular skill that is change in behaviour that relatively permanent. This change could be traced to exposure to environment condition as well as practice.

 

 

This Project is is available for the below list of Nigerian State capitals.
Abia Umuahia, Adamawa Yola, Akwa Ibom Uyo, Anambra Awka, Bauchi Bauchi, Bayelsa Yenagoa, Benue Makurdi, Borno Maiduguri, Cross River Calabar, Delta Asaba, Ebonyi Abakaliki, Edo Benin. Ekiti Ado Ekiti, Enugu Enugu, Gombe Gombe, Imo Owerri, Jigawa Dutse, Kaduna Kaduna, Kano Kano, Katsina Katsina, Kebbi Birnin Kebbi, Kogi Lokoja, Kwara Ilorin, Lagos Ikeja, Nasarawa Lafia, Niger Minna, Ogun Abeokuta, Ondo Akure, Osun Oshogbo, Oyo Ibadan, Plateau Jos, Rivers Port Harcourt, Sokoto Sokoto, Taraba Jalingo, Yobe Damaturu, Zamfara Gusau, FCT Abuja.

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