SELECTED MEDICINAL PLANTS USED IN TREATMENT OF MALARIA IN IKERE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, EKITI STATE

INTRODUCTION

Malaria is the world’s most important parasite disease especially when plasmodium falciparum is the causative agent. Malaria is endemic in about 100 developing countries, and kill an estimated 1.2 million people each year in Africa (WHO 2001). In Nigeria and some West African, one in five children will die before they are five and 75% of those death are attributed to malaria (NWAKA 2006). Pregnant woman and children under five years of age are the most vulnerable. The socio economic consequences of these diseases are particularly dramatic in rural areas where poverty and malnutrition’s are more pronounced. In the absence of an effective vaccine, the fight against malaria depends on chemotherapy and the reduction and prevention of human anopheles mosquito contacts through the use of insecticides treated bed nets and environmental care.

In Nigeria, a large number of plant species have been identified as anti malaria. Pure products have been isolated from same of these plant amongst which are those whose anti-malaria activities are resistant stains of  P. falciparum. It is therefore imperative that anti malaria drug development has to be pursued further with those highly active product to perianal, manufacture and distribution and then final marketing phamarcovigilance. We report on the plants which have been identified as anti malaria and the work done so far in evaluating their anti-malaria potential the review is structured according to plant families and the extent of investigation carried out in the specific plant families to date some of these selected plant used in treatment of malaria in Ikere Local Government Area in Ekiti State are

VERNACULAR NAME BOTANICAL NAMES
Bitter kola (orogbo) Garcinia Kola
Neem (dangoyaro) Azadiracthta  indica
Garlic Allium  Sativum
Bitter leaf (Ewuro Vernonia  amydalina
Scent leaf (Efinrin) Ocinum  gratissium
Wild Sunflower coconut Tithania  diversifolia
Coconut (Agbon Cocos  nucifera
Paw-paw Carica  papaya
Mango Mangifera  Indica

 

[1]     Bitter Kola Health Benefit for Malaria

Bitter kola is locally called Orogbo and the botanical names is  Garcinia kola. Considerable experimental studies found the chemical constituent in bitter kola have anti malaria properties that is aside, traditional healer have for many years prescribed bitter kola for the treatment of malaria infection. Researcher who reported that bitter kola had anti—malaria effect. In the 2010 issue of journal of medicinal plant research form a survey of plant used by traditional healer in Ikere-local government of Ekiti State. They found extract from bark, stem and seed of bitter, kola tree inhibit the growth of malaria parasite (plasmodium falciparium) by at least 60% a low concentration of 6mg/ml. further more, kolaviran, the powerful chemical compound found in bitter kola was reportedly tested on a malaria parasite and found in bitter kola was reportedly tested on a malaria parasite and found to inhibit malaria activity. The bark, the stem and the seed of bitter kola all contain anti-malaria properties. Bitter kola has thick  slash and garish brown bark and buttressed trunk. It bears greenish white flaws and orange –colored fruit carrying brown seed embedded in the pulp. It belong to family Guithferae

[ii]     Dongoyaro health benefit of malaria

Azadirachta    indica is  common in Ikere Local Government of Ekiti State otherwise called Neem the potency of dongoyaro is indisputable as it is has been used by many generation of rural area in the country. The dongoyaro is very bitter. It usually takes as anti-malaria medication. Hot pot of dongoyaro is cook and inhale the steam. It is an ever green tree and usually grows between 10metre with great but under utilized potential. Its effectiveness in the treatment of chloroquine-resistant malaria.   Neem tree is the permanent cure for malaria. The part used is the bark and the leaves method of extraction is decoction. Single plant (monotherapy) can be used or in combination of more than one part.  Dongoyaro is also used in treatment of cerebral malaria. It occur when malaria parasite filled blood cell block small blood vessel to the brain, causing swelling of the brain the

This Project is is available for the below list of Nigerian State capitals.
Abia Umuahia, Adamawa Yola, Akwa Ibom Uyo, Anambra Awka, Bauchi Bauchi, Bayelsa Yenagoa, Benue Makurdi, Borno Maiduguri, Cross River Calabar, Delta Asaba, Ebonyi Abakaliki, Edo Benin. Ekiti Ado Ekiti, Enugu Enugu, Gombe Gombe, Imo Owerri, Jigawa Dutse, Kaduna Kaduna, Kano Kano, Katsina Katsina, Kebbi Birnin Kebbi, Kogi Lokoja, Kwara Ilorin, Lagos Ikeja, Nasarawa Lafia, Niger Minna, Ogun Abeokuta, Ondo Akure, Osun Oshogbo, Oyo Ibadan, Plateau Jos, Rivers Port Harcourt, Sokoto Sokoto, Taraba Jalingo, Yobe Damaturu, Zamfara Gusau, FCT Abuja.

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