THE ROLE OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN STUDENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS
This study investigated the role of instructional materials in the academic performance of students in Agricultural Science in secondary schools. a total of twenty students and twenty teachers responded to an instrument tagged adequacy of instructional materials survey questionnaire. The respondents were selected from five secondary schools four research question were addressed in the study. Simple percentages and frequency counts were used. The result shows that (1) instructional materials are necessary for effective teaching and learning (2) government does not provide adequate fund for the provision of instructional materials in secondary schools (3) the existing instructional materials in secondary school are inadequate (4) there are possible solutions to the problems of inadequate instructional materials in secondary schools in view of the findings the researcher suggests that effort should be made to mobilize all available resources for the provision of instructional materials there should be adequate provision of infrastructural facilities government should provide adequate fund for the provision of instructional materials and finally school administrators should look inwards to generate fund for the provision of instructional materials in their respective schools.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of contents
Background of the study
Statement of the problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope and Delimitation of the study
Assumption of the study
Limitation of the study
Population of the study
Sample of the study
Instrumentation for data collection
Validity of the instrument
Administration of the instrument
Presentation of results
Summary of the findings
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
BACKGOUND OF THE STUDY
For teaching-learning process to effectively take place there is the need for adequate supply of instructional materials. No matter how good teaching staff are, they may not be able to function effectively and efficiently without appropriate supply of instructional materials like work workshops, laboratories and laboratory equipment, and materials like books and current journals.
Moreover the teacher may not be able to cope when he is over loaded with lessons and practical courses.
A well planned programme will fail if at the implementation state the necessary instruments are no supplied. There is no gainsaying the fact that students in the modern world of science where the child has access to good instructional materials, the result is impressive. But where the facilities are inadequate or not available the result is likely to be poor. Even when the child is bright lack of adequate facilities may hamper his academic success.
In the early fifties when the government of the western region under the leadership of late chief Obafemic Awolowo introduced free education at primary level, numbers of students in school at that time tremendously increased with the expansion and provision of instructional materials. Indeed students of this great time never experienced or had a taste of inadequate supply of instructional materials (Obafemi Awolowo foundation magazine April 11 1992). The economic recession of early eighties however turned the situation upside down. Government could no longer maintain stable standard of education some party leaders of that time siphoned fund meant for financing education into their private purse (Daily Times publication January 1984).
Since then inadequate supply of instructional materials have become a syndrome in our education sector. This in effect adversely affected the teaching-learning process at all levels of education in Nigeria and the students in Agricultural Science in secondary school
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
In most of the secondary schools the needed teaching aids are not available due to lack of fund and where it is available it is not adequately utilized by teachers.
The resources in some cases are very expensive and not affordable by the schools.
Government does not provide resources for the teaching of agricultural in the school.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
This study focused attention on investigation of the availability and use of instructional materials for the teaching of Agricultural Science. The Purpose of the study are as follow:
- To determine the number and quality of teachers of agricultural science in secondary school.
- To determine the instructional material available in the schools.
- To determine the utilization of these instructional materials in the school.
- To find out the extent to which instructional materials enhance the teaching and learning in agriculture
- To determine problems confronting the effective utilization of these instructional materials.
- To give possible suggestions on the improvement of teaching materials for better teaching of agricultural science.
- To determine government efforts in the provision of these instructional materials.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The result of this study will throw more light on the availability distribution use and quality of instructional materials and it will provide basis for effective utilization of instructional materials for teaching and learning of agriculture in secondary schools. The outcome will help to ascertain the need for the use of instructional materials in teaching of agricultural science in secondary schools. Identify the necessary instructional materials needed for science in schools.
SCOPE AND DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The study was restricted because of financial and time constraints
There are twelve secondary schools in the local government.
These research questions will help in guiding researcher in the investigation
- What is the role-played by the school and government in making these materials available in the schools?
- What are the instructional materials that are available in your school?
- How can the instructional material be made available for the teaching of agricultural science in the school?
- How does instructional materials for better teaching of agricultural science
ASSUMPTIONS OF THE STUDY
In this research the investigation made the following assumptions.
- All the secondary school have teachers to teach agricultural science
- All the school makes use of instructional materials for the teaching of agricultural education.
- All the secondary school offer agricultural science
LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
This study is limited to six secondary schools. it was not possible to extend the scope of the study due to these constraints
- Financial constraints
- Time factors
REVIEW OF RELATED WORK ON THE PROBLEM
INTRODUCTIONThis Project is is available for the below list of Nigerian State capitals.
Abia Umuahia, Adamawa Yola, Akwa Ibom Uyo, Anambra Awka, Bauchi Bauchi, Bayelsa Yenagoa, Benue Makurdi, Borno Maiduguri, Cross River Calabar, Delta Asaba, Ebonyi Abakaliki, Edo Benin. Ekiti Ado Ekiti, Enugu Enugu, Gombe Gombe, Imo Owerri, Jigawa Dutse, Kaduna Kaduna, Kano Kano, Katsina Katsina, Kebbi Birnin Kebbi, Kogi Lokoja, Kwara Ilorin, Lagos Ikeja, Nasarawa Lafia, Niger Minna, Ogun Abeokuta, Ondo Akure, Osun Oshogbo, Oyo Ibadan, Plateau Jos, Rivers Port Harcourt, Sokoto Sokoto, Taraba Jalingo, Yobe Damaturu, Zamfara Gusau, FCT Abuja.
HOW TO ORDER FOR COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL
» Bank Branch Deposits, ATM/online transfers (Amount: ₦3,000 NGN)
|Bank: FIRST BANK Account Name: OMOOGUN TAIYE Account Number: 3116913871 Account Type: SAVINGS Amount: ₦3,000 AFTER PAYMENT, TEXT YOUR TOPIC AND VALID EMAIL ADDRESS TO 07064961036 OR 08068355992 OR Click Here|
|Bank: ACCESS BANK Account Name: OMOOGUN TAIYE Account Number: 0766765735 Account Type: SAVINGS Amount: ₦3,000 AFTER PAYMENT, TEXT YOUR TOPIC AND VALID EMAIL ADDRESS TO 07064961036 OR 08068355992 Click Here|
|Bank: HERITAGE BANK Account Name: OMOOGUN TAIYE Account Number: 1909068248 Account Type: SAVINGS Amount: ₦3,000 AFTER PAYMENT, TEXT YOUR TOPIC AND VALID EMAIL ADDRESS TO 07064961036 OR 08068355992 Click Here|