THE ROLE OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN STUDENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

THE ROLE OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN STUDENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the role of instructional materials in the academic performance of students in Agricultural Science in secondary schools. a total of twenty students and twenty teachers responded to an instrument tagged adequacy of instructional materials survey questionnaire. The respondents were selected from five secondary schools four research question were addressed in the study. Simple percentages and frequency counts were used. The result shows that (1) instructional materials are necessary for effective teaching and learning (2) government does not provide adequate fund for the provision of instructional materials in secondary schools (3) the existing instructional materials in secondary school are inadequate (4) there are possible solutions to the problems of inadequate instructional materials in secondary schools in view of the findings the researcher suggests that effort should be made to mobilize all available resources for the provision of instructional materials there should be adequate provision of infrastructural facilities government should provide adequate fund for the provision of instructional materials and finally school administrators should look inwards to generate fund for the provision of instructional materials in their respective schools.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Approval page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgement

Abstract

Table of contents

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction

Background of the study

Statement of the problem

Purpose of the study

Significance of the study

Scope and Delimitation of the study

Research question

Assumption of the study

Limitation of the study

 

CHAPTER TWO

Introduction

Literature Review

CHAPTER THREE

Methodology

Introduction

Research Design

Population of the study

Sample of the study

Sampling procedure

Instrumentation for data collection

Validity of the instrument

Administration of the instrument

Data analysis

CHAPTER FOUR

Introduction

Presentation of results

Summary of the findings

CHAPTER FIVE

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

Summary

Conclusion

Recommendation

References

Questionnaire

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGOUND OF THE STUDY

For teaching-learning process to effectively take place there is the need for adequate supply of instructional materials. No matter how good teaching staff are, they may not be able to function effectively and efficiently without appropriate supply of instructional materials like work workshops, laboratories and laboratory equipment, and materials like books and current journals.

Moreover the teacher may not be able to cope when he is over loaded with lessons and practical courses.

A well planned programme will fail if at the implementation state the necessary instruments are no supplied. There is no gainsaying the fact that students in the modern world of science where the child has access to good instructional materials, the result is impressive. But where the facilities are inadequate or not available the result is likely to be poor. Even when the child is bright lack of adequate facilities may hamper his academic success.

In the early fifties when the government of the western region under the leadership of late chief Obafemic Awolowo introduced free education at primary level, numbers of students in school at that time tremendously increased with the expansion and provision of instructional materials. Indeed students of this great time never experienced or had a taste of inadequate supply of instructional materials (Obafemi Awolowo foundation magazine April 11 1992). The economic recession of early eighties however turned the situation upside down. Government could no longer maintain stable standard of education some party leaders of that time siphoned fund meant for financing education into their private purse (Daily Times publication January 1984).

Since then inadequate supply of instructional materials have become a syndrome in our education sector. This in effect adversely affected the teaching-learning process at all levels of education in Nigeria and the students in Agricultural Science in secondary school

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

In most of the secondary schools the needed teaching aids are not available due to lack of fund and where it is available it is not adequately utilized by teachers.

The resources in some cases are very expensive and not affordable by the schools.

Government does not provide resources for the teaching of agricultural in the school.

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

This study focused attention on investigation of the availability and use of instructional materials for the teaching of Agricultural Science. The Purpose of the study are as follow:

  1. To determine the number and quality of teachers of agricultural science in secondary school.
  2. To determine the instructional material available in the schools.
  3. To determine the utilization of these instructional materials in the school.
  4. To find out the extent to which instructional materials enhance the teaching and learning in agriculture
  5. To determine problems confronting the effective utilization of these instructional materials.
  6. To give possible suggestions on the improvement of teaching materials for better teaching of agricultural science.
  7. To determine government efforts in the provision of these instructional materials.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The result of this study will throw more light on the availability distribution use and quality of instructional materials and it will provide basis for effective utilization of instructional materials for teaching and learning of agriculture in secondary schools. The outcome will help to ascertain the need for the use of instructional materials in teaching of agricultural science in secondary schools. Identify the necessary instructional materials needed for science in schools.

SCOPE AND DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The study was restricted because of financial and time constraints

There are twelve secondary schools in the local government.

RESEARCH QUESTION

These research questions will help in guiding researcher in the investigation

  1. What is the role-played by the school and government in making these materials available in the schools?
  2. What are the instructional materials that are available in your school?
  3. How can the instructional material be made available for the teaching of agricultural science in the school?
  4. How does instructional materials for better teaching of agricultural science

ASSUMPTIONS OF THE STUDY

In this research the investigation made the following assumptions.

  • All the secondary school have teachers to teach agricultural science
  • All the school makes use of instructional materials for the teaching of agricultural education.
  • All the secondary school offer agricultural science

LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

This study is limited to six secondary schools. it was not possible to extend the scope of the study due to these constraints

  • Financial constraints
  • Time factors

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

REVIEW OF RELATED WORK ON THE PROBLEM

INTRODUCTION

This Project is is available for the below list of Nigerian State capitals.
Abia Umuahia, Adamawa Yola, Akwa Ibom Uyo, Anambra Awka, Bauchi Bauchi, Bayelsa Yenagoa, Benue Makurdi, Borno Maiduguri, Cross River Calabar, Delta Asaba, Ebonyi Abakaliki, Edo Benin. Ekiti Ado Ekiti, Enugu Enugu, Gombe Gombe, Imo Owerri, Jigawa Dutse, Kaduna Kaduna, Kano Kano, Katsina Katsina, Kebbi Birnin Kebbi, Kogi Lokoja, Kwara Ilorin, Lagos Ikeja, Nasarawa Lafia, Niger Minna, Ogun Abeokuta, Ondo Akure, Osun Oshogbo, Oyo Ibadan, Plateau Jos, Rivers Port Harcourt, Sokoto Sokoto, Taraba Jalingo, Yobe Damaturu, Zamfara Gusau, FCT Abuja.

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